Wellness Database: Oral
Probiotics Beneficial for Gum Health
Summary: In a prospective, clinical-controlled study involving 28 adults with healthy gingiva, daily consumption of a probiotic milk drink (Yacult) for a period of 4 weeks, was found to reduce "the effects of plaque-induced gingival inflammation associated with a higher plaque score due to the high-carbohydrate content of the probiotic milk beverage." After consuming the probiotic milk beverage for 2 weeks, subjects were advised not to brush their teeth for the remaining 14 days. Various clinical parameters including plaque index, gingival index, gingival crevicular fluid volume, and bleeding on probing were assessed. At baseline, plaque index was higher in the test group as compared with controls (0.44 vs. 0.09). After 14 days, PI, GI, GCF volume and BOP were significantly higher than baseline values, and BOP levels and GCF volume were significantly lower in the test group compared with the controls. These results suggest that consumption of a probiotic milk drink affects the clinical inflammatory parameters of experimental gingivitis. Additional research is warranted to further investigate the benefits of probiotic consumption of dental and gum health.
Reference: "Probiotics affect the clinical inflammatory parameters of experimental gingivitis in humans," Swawik S, Staufenbiel I, et al, Eur J Clin Nutr, 2011 March 30; [Epub ahead of print]. (Address: Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Biomedical Materials Science, Hanover Medical School, Hanover, Germany).
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